Canada Immigration - Federal Immigration Program
Federal Immigration Program
CIC is the fastest and most accurate Express Entry experts.
1. Express Entry (EE) - It's system and requirements.
Express Entry is a fast and efficient online federal permanent residency application system that has been in operation since January 1, 2015.
In order to register online, you must meet the basic application qualifications for at least one of the three immigration categories that were previously operated to accept professional manpower as shown below.
If one or more of the basic application qualifications for each immigration category is possible, and you register an online profile, the registered profile is valid for one year and can be updated frequently to increase your score. For registration, proof of language proficiency (IELTS-GT or CELPIP for English test, TEF or TCF official test score for French test) and vocational and educational background (certificate of academic background in case of academic background outside Canada) is required.
Applicants who qualify for one or more of the three basic applications (FSW, CEC, FST) will register for the EE Online Profile and receive a score assessed by the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Each week, 3,000 to 5,000 people with high scores are typically selected and sent an invitational ITA (Invitation to Apply) letter online, regardless of the category of immigration.
In most cases, if there are no defects in your documents after you upload the correct documents and complete the background check online as stipulated in your ITA, permanent residency is obtained in about six months.
※ Bridging Open Work Permit
For applicants with work permits set to expire within 4 months in Canada, they can apply for an Open Work Permit that gives them the freedom to work anywhere and with any employer without restrictions once the ITA is received and documents are uploaded before receiving permanent residency, which is extendable by one year.
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Canada Express Entry system is a faster and simpler pathway to make your Canadian dream come true.Through the Express Entry system, one can obtain a Canada PR visa within just six months or less. The whole processing of applications is done through an electronic system and all candidates are selected purely on the basis of their CRS scores.
Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP)
Must have at least one consecutive full-time paid work experience within the last 10 years in one occupation that falls under the National Occupational Classification NOC O, A, B (Managerial, Professional, Technical jobs and skilled trades). It is the most traditional federal immigration system that has been around for more than 20 years.
The overall band score of IELTS 6.0 (general training module) or higher and holders of overseas academic backgrounds other than Canada, such as Australia, require an ECA (Educational Credential Assessment) for overseas education.
For the Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program, after obtaining language CLB 7 (IELTS 6.0 in all areas) and academic qualification documents, you must score at least 67 in the score table below to register for the EE profile.
※ FSW Score Table (at least 67 points out of 100 points)
Canada Experience Class (CEC)
Canada Experience Class, which started on September 17, 2008, places importance on the experience of adapting to Canada, which is possible if you have had legal work experience in Canada for one year out of the last three years in managerial, professional, and technical occupations that fall under NOC O, A, and B in the local area.
This is the most common federal immigration system in recent years.
- NOC O, CLB 7 for A (IELTS 6.0)
- CLB 5 for NOC B (IELTS 5.0)
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
A new federal immigration system was developed and piloted in 2012 to cater to immigrants working in certain technical occupations, including those in high demand in Canada, and was the last of the three Express Entry programs to be eligible for enrolment.
English score of CLB 5 (CLB4 for reading and writing) or higher (IELTS speaking/listening: 5.0, reading: 3.5, writing: 4.0)
A full-time employee with a Canadian employment contract of 1 year or more or an official Canadian-issued technical qualification related to the relevant technology
At least 2 years of full-time work experience (or equivalent part-time work experience) in the last 5 years
Applicable occupational groups (NOC B or higher and must be in the following occupations)
- NOC Code 72 : Industrial, electrical and construction trades
- NOC Code 73 : Maintenance and equipment operation trades
- NOC Code 82 : Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production.
- NOC Code 92 : Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
- NOC Code 632 : Chefs and cooks
- NOC Code 633 : Butchers and bakers
Although educational backgrounds are not necessary, in the case of federal immigration, the selection is made based on an Express Entry CRS score, so academic background can be used to add points.
On August 6, 2020, 250 people were selected through the FSTP, and the lowest score was 415 points.
On October 16, 2019, 500 people were selected, so the score was 357, which is rather low, and there are differences in scores depending on the number of people selected.
Canadian Language Benchmarks by English Test and French Test 1 to 12
Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) – General Test score equivalency chart
International English Language Testing System (IELTS) – General Training – Test score equivalency chart
Test d’évaluation de français pour le Canada (TEF Canada) Test score equivalency chart
Test de connaissance du français pour le Canada (TCF Canada) Test score equivalency chart
2. Express Entry System Overview
No restrictions on profile creation, registration, or deadline.
No limit on the number of applicants (as of 2021, more than 150,000 people are enrolled in the pool).
Top-ranking applicants with the highest score will be selected first.
Usually 60 days is given to file an official immigration application by uploading documents.After being selected (ITA),
Relatively fast procedures are possible, usually around 6 months.
It is not limited to CEC to experience immigration but can be applied in conjunction with various programs such as various provincial programs.
If you receive an ITA or NOI, you can be sure that you will be approved for permanent residence as long as there are no problems with entry qualifications such as errors in documents and crimes.
3. Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
The system automatically competes and ranks the profile if it is registered in the EE Pool.
Composition of the CRS (out of 1,200 points in total)
Core / human capital factorPersonnel score: single maximum 500 points, married maximum 460 points
Spouse or common-law partner factorPersonnel score: single maximum 500 points, married maximum 460 points
Skills transferability factor
Personnel score: single maximum 500 points, married maximum 460 points
Personnel score: single maximum 500 points, married maximum 460 points
A. Core / Human Capital Factors (maximm 500 points)
Core / Human Capital Factors (Total)
B. Spouse Factors (Maximum 40 points)
※ The maximum score of A + B : 500 points
Spouse Factors TOTAL
C. Skill Transferability Factors (maximum 100 points)
※ The maximum score of A + B + C : 600 points
D. Additional Points (Max 600points)
※ The maximum score of A + B + C + D: 1200 points
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